What Is Biological Periodontal Therapy?

What Is Biological Periodontal Therapy?

One of the common misconceptions today is that having white teeth is the ultimate goal. People run off to buy teeth whitening toothpaste and products to attain this particular goal. Although having white teeth is good, it is the end product of a healthy mouth.

The ligaments, gum, and the bone surrounding your teeth make the foundation for your teeth. This foundation is known in dentistry as the periodontium. Common logic will dictate that a weak foundation equals a faulty structure. Therefore, if your periodontium is faulty, then it will result in loose teeth, improper bites, and at times a permanent loss of teeth.

No one wants to lose teeth, so we have biological periodontal therapy to tackle this problem. Before we dive deeper into what periodontal therapy is all about, let’s understand a bit more about what periodontal disease entails.

Periodontal Disease Quick Facts

Your oral cavity is much more than just your teeth. The periodontium (gums, ligaments, and bone) holds the teeth and keeps them in place. If your periodontium is unhealthy, you will get periodontal disease or periodontitis or gum disease.

The onset of the disease is quite mild and can even go unnoticed. At times you might be brushing your teeth and realized that when you spit, there are some hints of blood on the sink. At times, you might find that your gums are inflamed or swollen. This is typically the onset of the disease.

When it is at this stage, proper dental habits can reverse these symptoms. During these early stages, it is known as gingivitis, which means gum inflammation. Gingivitis is characterized by swollen gums that bleed easily, usually caused by bacteria in plaque build-up.

But if gingivitis is left untreated, then it develops into periodontitis. At this stage, the gums start receding and form pockets. The pockets become a collection point for food debris and can get infected by bacteria.

The bacteria releases toxins, and your immune system releases enzymes to counter the toxins. In the process, the toxins and the enzymes eat away at the bone and connective tissue, which are keeping the teeth in place.

If it not treated, the gums and bone get destroyed, and the teeth become loose, and eventually, tooth loss happens.

An important fact is that gum disease or periodontal disease is the number one cause of tooth loss among adults.

Biological Periodontal Therapy

Since periodontal disease results in tooth loss, most people run to quick solutions without thinking about the long-term. The conventional route has always been to clean the teeth and gums. If it fails, you have to undergo surgery. Although surgery is effective, it is ineffective in the long run if it is not followed by systemic considerations.

This is where biological periodontal therapy comes in handy. It is a holistic approach to curing periodontal disease both in the short-term and long-term. We do not see the mouth and the infections separate from the other parts of the body. Your overall health will be affected if your oral health has a problem.
In a nutshell, the therapy aims to remove the infection and not to eliminate your tooth structure.

What to Expect During Therapy

For long-term success, we have a three-step process:

Removing the Pathogens

This is the acute phase of therapy, and you will need at least three visits to complete the process. Here are the steps involved:

  • First, your mouth will be irrigated with an antimicrobial rinse before the therapy begins
  • Then treating the periodontal pockets by scaling and root plane and subgingival irrigation to remove any microorganisms present
  • Our dentist will use a special microscope to monitor the progress
  • Our dentist uses natural antibiotics to treat the infectious conditions

Alter Your Body’s Response

At this stage, we aim to balance your body chemistry to improve your periodontium’s health, as this is the long-term phase of the therapy. It involves checking and changing your lifestyle. This is what we will help you with:

  • Nutritional Guidelines. We will help you get back to basics eating fruits, vegetables, and whole foods. Plus, incorporating drinking plenty of water daily.
  • Nutritional Supplements. We will prescribe certain supplements such as Coenzyme Q10, probiotics, vitamin C, antioxidants, multi-vitamins, and mineral.

Maintenance Care

Once the therapy is done, you need to continue with the program so as you do not revert to your old ways. This is what maintenance care looks like:

  • Regular dental check-ups every four months, then to every six months depending on your progress
  • Adhering to proper home care directions
  • Sticking to a healthy diet
  • Taking supplements

You need to know that oral health is essential, and it can affect other parts of your body. Since the infection can get into your bloodstream, it is critical for you to contact our dentist at Professional Dental and book an appointment if you suspect you need a dental check-up.